Education is constantly changing. In accordance with changes in society, it is overgrown with new methods, methods and own trends. What will education be like in 10 years? After 15, after 50? We have compiled the most popular forecasts of how the training system will be arranged in the near future.
Portfolio instead of grades
We often say that knowledge is more important than grades. They are subjective, they are standardized, they cannot give a concrete idea of a person’s abilities, but they can motivate students even more than gaining knowledge.
In the school of the future, knowledge will be brought to the forefront. Portfolio will become more important than ratings. During the training, the student will receive certificates for victories in the Olympiads, awards for participating in competitions.
as well as create design works and speak with them. This will give much more information to the employer, who will also be able to appreciate you. The application for the world market written in the seventh grade will tell him much more than “excellent” in computer science in the certificate.
Focus on creativity
Own projects will be valued more than marks – and this is another confirmation. Looking at the history in the context, we can notice how people are gradually moving away from manual labor. In a modern tech society, process automation is becoming commonplace.
It is possible that the need for physical labor sooner or later will be reduced to zero. It will be possible to automate even the majority of cognitive processes – because the computing power of machines is also growing exponentially.
Technology has given us a lot of resources and opportunities in order to prove ourselves, create and move art forward. In this regard, many predict that the priorities of learning will be creative abilities, and the creative class will become the main stratum of society.
The general education system will finally lose its meaning. Basic subjects, which are first imposed on schoolchildren, and then students, will give way to an in-depth study of those chosen at will.
Of course, the benefits of diversified development cannot be underestimated, but training can become much more effective if students are not required to know the capital of Australia and the name of the daughter-in-law of Peter I.
Thus, the future can provide us with a more flexible school system, where subjects can be selected taking into account the individual characteristics and preferences of the student.
This will make it possible from an early age to acquire not only love for a certain sphere, but also to obtain certain skills that can be applied in this sphere. At a university where the subject selection system is presented in part, it will become much more flexible and individual.
Experts from the Agency for Strategic Initiatives even suggest the emergence of the so-called “diamond textbook” : artificial intelligence based on neural networks, which will select individual literature for the reader’s particularities.
Departure from the idea of coeval education
A change in the school system may affect other standards. For example, the idea that students of the same age must study in the same class. What if one student solved all the tasks of the control for four options and is bored, and his neighbor could not master one? The question arises as to whether it is worth ignoring age and uniting students only in terms of knowledge.
There are no age limits for correspondence education, and nothing prevents the 89-year-old grandfather from sitting in the same classroom as twenty -year-old students. In schools, this approach (except when students are left in their second year) is not acceptable at all. Some solutions to the situation are different educational projects. For example, the Summer School, organized by the authors of the journal “Russian Reporter”.
It is expected that such an approach will become the norm for future schools, and a “knowledge-aligned” class of knowledge will work much more efficiently.
Changing the role of the teacher
It is assumed that in a school of the future, boundaries will be blurred not only between ages, but also between social roles. The emphasis on an individual approach will increase: the teacher can take on the role of a personal mentor and oversee a single student or group of students.
On the other hand, taking into account the “design” approach to secondary education, the dynamics of social roles can become even stronger. So, for example, the teacher can teach the student particle physics, and after forty minutes the student will already teach the teacher a lesson in philology.
Bias in self-study
With the level of development of modern technologies, and, most importantly, with their dissemination, information becomes much more accessible, and training is cheaper. All costs can be limited by the availability of the Internet, but there is no shortage of electronic encyclopedias and information resources.
Already, there is a huge number of online courses that you can take without problems yourself at any convenient time, without leaving home. In fact, there are so many of them that one of the current trends is the aggregators of online courses , which make the self-study system even more flexible.
Bias in distance learning
The time for “home teachers” has passed: conversations with educators on Skype and the same online courses have come to replace it. But fast Internet and process automation can allow you to play entire online classes, allowing both the teacher and students not to leave their own home.
Many argue that this could harm socialization. That school and university allow you to chat with peers, while online education completely deprives us of this opportunity.
However, on the other side of the scale is the fact that distance learning can truly break the boundaries: for example, a teacher from the USA can give a lecture to an audience of students from the USA, China, Russia and other parts of the world. And, in fact, such a project already exists: this is the Online University Coursera, which involves teachers from Stanford, Princes and some other prestigious universities in the country. Moreover, you can both watch lecture notes and view one of them live by asking questions online.
The development possibilities of this approach are a wagon and a small cart: do not forget about at least the active development of virtual reality devices. There are also enough problems: for example, the same socialization, or the absence of any system for evaluating the knowledge thus obtained. But compared with the work already done for the emergence of such technologies, the matter remains for small.