2020 will be a watershed for the Internet of things [IO]

Next year, IoT can open up new opportunities that may flip the net of things into a technology of strategic importance. it’ll have an effect on all aspects of human life, from up the most industries, serving to to unravel issues associated with global climate change, and ending with the arrangement of sensible cities, Techopedia writes.

In 1997, the well-known technical portal Wired marked 2020 because the year once the human leg initial sets foot on Mars. though this has not happened nonetheless, humankind is approaching this goal by leaps and bounds – pilotless vehicles, the primary flying taxis and different technologies that a few years ago were perceived as fantastic. In 2020, different necessary events within the field of the net of things square measure expected that may have a significant impact on progress.

5G wireless technology

Compared to its predecessors (4G, 3G and 2G), the fifth generation (5G) cellular network technology offers higher speed, lower latency and higher connectivity. 5G has unprecedented speed, so it provides the ability to stream unprecedented amounts of data, while low latency increases the responsiveness of the network. 5G also allows you to connect a much larger number of devices than 4G – this means that unmanned vehicles will finally get opportunities that will fully reveal their potential. Among other things, 5G consumes less power, which will lead to lower costs and expand the use of IoT.

Trivver President Alan Haft believes that 5G and blockchain are the perfect combination for delivering ads in an Extended Reality (XR) environment. According to him, more and more network operators, such as Orange and MTS Russia, are placing their blockchains on 5G networks. Improved wireless technology expands the ability to connect and decentralize nodes, reduces the time it takes to create a new block or data file on the blockchain network, and also increases the scalability of the blockchain. As practice shows, the combination of blockchain and 5G increases the speed, capacity and security of IoT touch devices.

Edge Computing and Mesh Networks

Currently, the cloud market operates according to a centralized scheme. Users resort to the services of service providers such as Amazon, Microsoft and Google, which perform all the calculations in their own (dedicated) data centers. Meanwhile, using Edge Computing technology, they can move IoT data processing closer to the data source, which will increase throughput, security, reduce network latency and bring a number of other benefits.

In 2020, an explosive increase in interest in Mesh networks (mesh networks) that are not tied to the Internet is expected. Such networks use the topology of the radio nodes transmitting data between themselves using the broadcast method of message delivery (avalanche routing) or due to the traditional routing scheme. Using the avalanche routing method, the router redirects the received packets to all its immediate neighbors, while the second transmission scheme provides for step-by-step transmission from one node to another. Gartner predicts that the transition from Edge Computing to Mesh networks will take place in 2023.

Silicon Chip Innovation

For the full operation of the final IoT devices, processors with more developed memory subsystem and instruction architecture are required than in the current generation of silicon chips with low power consumption (mainly ARM architecture). In the foreseeable future, more powerful chips will appear that will consume less energy – this is a necessary condition for the operation of deep neural networks (DNNs) – and will be able to support a number of new IoT features. Some companies plan to completely replace chips on a silicon substrate. For example, IBM expects to begin production of faster and more compact commercial carbon nanotube computer transistors.

Not so long ago, the University of Oxford, with the financial support of the British government, launched the Processor 2020 project. Its goal is to develop ultra-small quantum processors suitable for mass deployment. The miniaturity of these types of chips will certainly increase the efficiency of IoT technology, which relies heavily on the compactness of devices and reduced power consumption.

Infonomics, data brokering

As a Gartner study conducted to study the IoT market showed, in 2017, 35% of respondents engaged in trading data collected using their products and services. Infonomics and data trading is a big business with an increasing number of companies involved in the accumulation, quality assessment, accounting, management and sale of big data. The increase in the number of devices connected to the Internet has led to their cross-tracking. This technology is designed to collect user data from devices such as smartphones, tablets, televisions, etc. Its application has led to the enrichment of data brokers such as Acxiom, Oracle, Experian or Amobee (a little-known American company selling advertising ideas for Airbnb).

Mediation or data access leads to big problems, as last year’s Cambridge Analytica related events showed. The data trading industry includes about 5 thousand brokers and in the new year it expects a series of mergers and acquisitions. In response to attacks on tightening data privacy rules, she will carry out a series of organizational changes.

IoT 2020: Key Technical Trends

Futurist Paul Saffo in 2000 warned that in 2020 “we will live in an era of technologically induced creative destruction.” His forecasts did not materialize: next year we will see technologically induced growth. The accompanying trends are listed below.

Smart cities. According to IDC forecasts, by the end of 2020, $ 135 billion will be spent on smart cities. Initially, the concept of smart cities arose in Europe. The first city to make it a reality in 2009 was Amsterdam. The United States took the initiative in 2017 – the first American smart city was Columbus (Ohio). By 2020, another 100 cities created through public and private investment can join the initiative.

A typical “smart” city is a city where most tasks are solved using mobile applications. They suggest how to avoid traffic jams, find a parking place, warn about potholes on the road, inform you about the filling of the garbage container, etc. Basic IoT devices make cities like New York or Chicago more viable, which is achieved by saving , improving the quality of life and expanding new jobs.

European authorities plan to transform universities into smart communities. 2020 will be the year when smart city technology will be replicated on a larger scale.

The number of connected appliances on the Internet will outweigh the number of people. In 2015, Ericsson predicted that in 2020, 20 billion devices will be connected to the Internet. In fact, this milestone was reached at the beginning of this year – today the number of IoT gadgets has reached 26.6 billion. According to Gartner, in 2020 their number will be 26 times the number of people on our planet. McKinsey researchers calculated that 127 devices connect to the Internet every second. China, North America and Western Europe account for 67% of the IoT installation base. The latter include household appliances for smart homes, a huge number of sensors and intelligent technologies for industry.

Transition to Industrial IoT

In 2020, an intensive transition from consumer to industrial IoT (IIoT) will begin. It will be applied in the following areas.

Healthcare Most likely, the bulk of IIoT innovation will affect healthcare. IoT devices can reduce healthcare costs, increase patient satisfaction, they can be used to introduce new methods for the prevention and diagnosis of diseases, as well as improve the effectiveness of treatment. In particular, they help doctors monitor patient health. Medical facilities can use IoT to monitor the operation of medical equipment and personnel, and insurance companies can detect fraud. According to Statista, in 2020 there will be nearly 161 million medical IoT devices. Their destiny:

remote monitoring – special telemedicine computer systems or software installed on a mobile device send the patient-generated health data (PGHD) to the attending physician;

wearable devices – devices with which the state and parameters of the body’s vital activity are monitored. They can inform family members and healthcare providers about abrupt changes in the patient’s health.

Wearable devices designed to control blood pressure and heart rate can also be configured so that they carry out calorie counting, display doctor’s recommendations, remind you of medication, and the like;

Asset monitoring – equipping medical equipment with sensors connected to IoT devices. With the help of the latter, medical facilities monitor equipment, such as defibrillators, and can detect defects in real time.Institutions can also use this technology for the rapid deployment of staff.

Retail. According to TotalRetail magazine, by the end of this year, IoT retail spending will exceed $ 35 billion. IoT innovations in this area include the following:

A wave of next-generation applications and devices. It will strike thanks to the convergence of AI, big data and other innovative technologies, such as virtual / augmented reality (VR / AR) and blockchain;

improved data analysis. This will be achieved thanks to Edge Computing and 5G, which will improve network performance and connectivity;

SaaS is becoming the norm – an increasing number of third-party providers will host applications and deliver them to customers over the Internet;

voice recognition. According to forecasts, in 2020, 50% of Internet search and management of IoT devices will be carried out using voice. Voice recognition technology is already widely used in smart speakers (for example, Apple HomePod) and for translation into other languages. Voice support will also be multilingual, allowing you to search or enter commands in multiple languages.

Agriculture. In 2050, the total population of the Earth is expected to reach 9.6 billion people. By this time, the IoT value will reach a critical level – the technology will reduce costs, bring time savings and allow you to feed such a huge number of people. According to a study by Business Insider Intelligence, by the end of 2020, the number of IoT devices deployed in the agricultural industry will reach 75 million. Advanced IoT devices, which include robotics, unmanned vehicles, automated equipment, and metered-dose spraying equipment, are used in the following areas of agriculture:

“Accurate” farming. IoT devices make farming methods more controlled and accurate, especially for livestock and crop production;
livestock monitoring. Farm owners use IoT sensory applications to collect location, safety, and livestock health data;

“Smart” greenhouses. The use of remote monitoring to protect valuable plants from extreme temperature fluctuations.
IoT is of great interest to suppliers of agricultural machinery, in particular John Deere, as well as agri-food giants such as Monsanto. Next year, agricultural holdings will place even greater emphasis on IoT technology.

IoT will come to households. In the new year, IoT devices for the home will become more “smart” and the demand for them will grow. These gadgets include the following:

“Smart” door locks. Using such devices, the door can be opened / locked remotely. There will be locks that allow you to provide one-time entry codes for visitors.

Smart toothbrushes. New generation non-accumulative toothbrushes equipped with sensors will inform you (and dentists) of your health status;
“Smart” kitchens – kitchens equipped with special sensors, which, for example, will remind you to turn off electrical appliances. It can also be dishes that can count calories;

“Smart” thermostats are devices that allow you to remotely turn on and off the heating and cooling systems in homes, which can significantly reduce energy costs.

cargo delivery by UAV. UAVs deliver orders faster and safer than humans.
Devices will not only become more functional and safer (for example, dryers that will warn about exceeding the permissible pile accumulation rate), but also more economical in terms of electricity consumption, which will save on utility costs. According to Statista, in 2020 the number of connected devices worldwide will increase to almost 31 billion units.

IoT 2020: Social, Legal, and Ethical Trends

As IoT grows, new social, legal, and ethical issues will arise. These include ownership of the data and conclusions drawn on its basis, confidentiality, prejudice to the operation of algorithms, as well as compliance with regulatory requirements such as GDPR. The interest of observers will be riveted to the following areas:

IoT management. For the normal development of technology, a management structure is required that provides the appropriate conditions for the creation, storage, use and deletion of information related to IoT projects;

availability of safety standards. Network security agreements that include malware removal and fraud detection

increased data security based on automatic machine learning – innovative methods of data protection, preventing leaks and hacker intrusions. One of these areas will be blockchain;

unified integrated structure – a centralized platform that will contain a variety of applications, infrastructure and IoT protocols, which will facilitate industry collaboration. Many enterprises will prefer blockchain.

conclusions

2020 will be a watershed for IoT. Although intelligent IoT solutions cannot be compared to flying to Mars, for most people they are more practical. Soon, IoT will affect all aspects of people’s lives at the household level, affect key industries, become the basis for creating smart cities and help fight climate change.

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